Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter 2021 Financial Results | News

ATLANTA, Feb. 17, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. (NYSE: IVR) (the “Company”) today announced financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2021.

  • Net loss per common share of $0.23 compared to net income per common share of $0.17 in Q3 2021
  • Earnings available for distribution per common share(1) of $0.10, unchanged from Q3 2021
  • Common stock dividend of $0.09 per common share, unchanged from Q3 2021
  • Book value per common share(2) of $2.91 compared to $3.25 at Q3 2021
  • Economic return(3) of (7.7)% compared to 4.0% in Q3 2021

Update from John Anzalone, Chief Executive Officer

“We are pleased to announce earnings available for distribution of $0.10 per common share for the fourth quarter of 2021. Earnings available for distribution continued to be supported by a strong dollar roll market for our Agency to-be-announced securities forward contracts (“TBAs”), slow prepayment speeds on our specified pool collateral and attractive yields on new investments. At quarter-end, substantially all of our $7.8 billion investment portfolio was invested in Agency residential mortgage-backed securities (“Agency RMBS”), and we continue to maintain a sizeable balance of unrestricted cash and unencumbered investments totaling $871.2 million.

“Agency RMBS performed poorly in the fourth quarter, completing a difficult year in which returns for the asset class ranked among the worst in the last ten years. The Federal Reserve’s pivot in November towards a faster removal of monetary policy accommodation signaled a more rapid reduction of asset purchases by the central bank, worsening an already challenging picture for supply and demand in 2022. Heightened interest rate volatility, spurred by increased expectations of interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve, and lower premiums on specified pool collateral also contributed to underperformance.

“While the recent widening of spreads, moderating prepayment speeds and the continued attractiveness in the dollar roll market support earnings available for distribution, we remain cautious on the outlook for Agency RMBS valuations. Increased expectations for accelerated interest rate hikes and balance sheet reduction by the Federal Reserve during 2022 further challenged Agency RMBS valuations at the start of the year. We continue to evaluate additional investment opportunities to complement our Agency RMBS strategy by expanding our target assets and portfolio diversification.”

(1)

Earnings available for distribution (and by calculation, earnings available for distribution per common share) is a non-Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) financial measure. Refer to the section entitled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for important disclosures and a reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP measure.

(2)

Book value per common share is calculated as total stockholders’ equity less the liquidation preference of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock ($155.0 million) and Series C Preferred Stock ($287.5 million), divided by total common shares outstanding.

(3)

Economic return for the quarter ended December 31, 2021 is defined as the change in book value per common share from September 30, 2021 to December 31, 2021 of $(0.34); plus dividends declared of $0.09 per common share; divided by the September 30, 2021 book value per common share of $3.25. Economic return for quarter ended September 30, 2021 is defined as the change in book value per common share from June 30, 2021 to September 30, 2021 of $0.04; plus dividends declared of $0.09 per common share; divided by the June 30, 2021 book value per common share of $3.21.

Key performance indicators for the quarters ended December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 are summarized in the table below.

($ in millions, except share amounts)

Q4 ’21

Q3 ’21

Variance

Average Balances

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Average earning assets (at amortized cost)

$8,371.3

$8,713.5

($342.2)

Average borrowings

$7,441.5

$7,846.2

($404.7)

Average stockholders’ equity (1)

$1,306.4

$1,304.8

$1.6

U.S. GAAP Financial Measures

Total interest income

$42.9

$43.2

($0.3)

Total interest expense

($3.2)

($3.3)

$0.1

Net interest income

$46.0

$46.5

($0.5)

Total expenses

$7.2

$7.6

($0.4)

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

($73.0)

$49.3

($122.3)

Average earning asset yields

2.05%

1.98%

0.07%

Average cost of funds

(0.17%)

(0.17%)

0.00%

Average net interest rate margin

2.22%

2.15%

0.07%

Period-end weighted average asset yields (2)

2.16%

2.19%

(0.03%)

Period-end weighted average cost of funds

0.14%

0.12%

0.02%

Period-end weighted average net interest rate margin

2.02%

2.07%

(0.05%)

Book value per common share (3)

$2.91

$3.25

($0.34)

Earnings (loss) per common share (basic)

($0.23)

$0.17

($0.40)

Earnings (loss) per common share (diluted)

($0.23)

$0.17

($0.40)

Debt-to-equity ratio

               5.0x  

               5.4x  

             (0.4x)

Non-GAAP Financial Measures (4)

Earnings available for distribution

$33.2

$30.4

$2.8

Effective interest income

$42.9

$43.2

($0.3)

Effective interest expense

$4.9

$6.5

($1.6)

Effective net interest income

$37.9

$36.7

$1.2

Effective yield

2.05%

1.98%

0.07%

Effective cost of funds

0.26%

0.33%

(0.07%)

Effective interest rate margin

1.79%

1.65%

0.14%

Earnings available for distribution per common share

$0.10

$0.10

$0.00

Economic debt-to-equity ratio

               6.2x  

               6.5x  

             (0.3x)

(1)

Average stockholders’ equity is calculated based on the weighted month-end balance of total stockholders’ equity excluding equity attributable to preferred stockholders.

(2)

Period-end weighted average yields are based on amortized cost as of period end and incorporate future prepayment and loss assumptions.

(3)

Book value per common share is calculated as total stockholders’ equity less the liquidation preference of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock ($155.0 million) and Series C Preferred Stock ($287.5 million), divided by total common shares outstanding.

(4)

Earnings available for distribution (and by calculation, earnings available for distribution per common share), effective interest income (and by calculation, effective yield), effective interest expense (and by calculation, effective cost of funds), effective net interest income (and by calculation, effective interest rate margin), and economic debt-to-equity ratio are non-GAAP financial measures. Refer to the section entitled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for important disclosures and a reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP measures of net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (and by calculation, basic earnings (loss) per common share), total interest income (and by calculation, average earning asset yields), total interest expense (and by calculation, cost of funds), net interest income (and by calculation, net interest rate margin) and debt-to-equity ratio.

Financial Summary

Net loss attributable to common stockholders for the fourth quarter of 2021 was $73.0 million compared to net income attributable to common stockholders of $49.3 million for the third quarter of 2021. The change in net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders was primarily driven by a $90.4 million net loss on investments in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to a $16.8 million net loss on investments in the third quarter of 2021 and a $13.3 million net loss on derivatives in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to a $35.3 million net gain on derivatives in the third quarter of 2021. The Company earned $46.0 million of net interest income in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to $46.5 million in the third quarter of 2021.

Earnings available for distribution increased to $33.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to $30.4 million for the third quarter of 2021 primarily due to a $1.2 million increase in TBA dollar roll income and a $1.2 million increase in effective net interest income.

Book value per common share for the fourth quarter of 2021 decreased 10.5% to $2.91 compared to $3.25 in the third quarter of 2021 primarily due to a decline in valuations on the Company’s Agency RMBS assets. Valuations on lower coupon 30 year Agency RMBS holdings declined due to the reduction in monthly net asset purchases by the Federal Reserve during the fourth quarter of 2021 and the decision at its December 2021 meeting to accelerate the pace of tapering. The benchmark 10 year U.S. Treasury rate increased 2 basis points to 1.51% during the quarter, while the difference between the 30 year and 2 year U.S. Treasury rates decreased 60 basis points to 1.17% given expectations of short term interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve. As of December 31, 2021, the Company’s interest rate swaps had a weighted average maturity of 6.0 years. Losses on longer maturity swaps exceeded gains on shorter maturity swaps during the quarter due to the flatter yield curve.

The Company reduced the size of its investment portfolio and borrowings in the fourth quarter of 2021 given an expectation that the Federal Reserve’s December 2021 announcement to accelerate the pace of tapering could result in an increase in market volatility and lower valuations on the Company’s holdings. Total average earning assets decreased to $8.4 billion in the fourth quarter of 2021 from $8.7 billion in the third quarter of 2021, and total average borrowings decreased to $7.4 billion in the fourth quarter of 2021 from $7.8 billion in the third quarter of 2021.

Average net interest rate margin increased 7 basis points to 2.22% in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to the third quarter of 2021 due to higher average earning asset yields. Average earning asset yields increased 7 basis points to 2.05% in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to the third quarter of 2021 primarily due to the Company’s rotation into higher yielding Agency RMBS. The Company’s Agency RMBS portfolio consisted primarily of 2.0% to 3.5% coupon 30 year fixed-rate securities as of December 31, 2021. Average cost of funds was (0.17)% for the fourth quarter of 2021, unchanged from the third quarter of 2021.

The Company’s debt-to-equity ratio was 5.0x as of December 31, 2021 compared to 5.4x as of September 30, 2021, and its economic debt-to-equity ratio was 6.2x as of December 31, 2021 compared to 6.5x as of September 30, 2021. The Company reduced leverage in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to the third quarter of 2021 given the announcement by the Federal Reserve to accelerate the pace of tapering.

Total expenses for the fourth quarter of 2021 were approximately $7.2 million compared to $7.6 million in the third quarter of 2021. The ratio of annualized total expenses to average stockholders’ equity(1) decreased to 2.20% in the fourth quarter of 2021 from 2.32% in the third quarter of 2021 due to lower expenses and a higher average stockholders’ equity base. The Company sold 18.1 million shares of common stock for net proceeds of $55.1 million during the fourth quarter of 2021 through its at-the-market program.

As previously announced on December 27, 2021, the Company declared a common stock dividend of $0.09 per share paid on January 27, 2022 to its stockholders of record as of January 11, 2022. The Company declared the following dividends on February 16, 2022: a Series B Preferred Stock dividend of $0.4844 per share and a Series C Preferred Stock dividend of $0.46875 per share payable on March 28, 2022 to its stockholders of record on March 5, 2022.

(1)

The ratio of annualized total expenses to average stockholders’ equity is calculated as the annualized sum of management fees plus general and administrative expenses divided by average stockholders’ equity.

About Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.

Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. is a real estate investment trust that primarily focuses on investing in, financing and managing mortgage-backed securities and other mortgage-related assets. Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. is externally managed and advised by Invesco Advisers, Inc., a registered investment adviser and an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Invesco Ltd., a leading independent global investment management firm.

Earnings Call

Members of the investment community and the general public are invited to listen to the Company’s earnings conference call on Friday, February 18, 2022, at 9:00 a.m. ET, by calling one of the following numbers:

North America Toll Free:  

800-857-7465

International: 

1-312-470-0052

Passcode: 

Invesco

An audio replay will be available until 5:00 pm ET on March 4, 2022 by calling:

866-360-3306 (North America) or 1-203-369-0161 (International)

The presentation slides that will be reviewed during the call will be available on the Company’s website at www.invescomortgagecapital.com.

Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release, the related presentation and comments made in the associated conference call, may include statements and information that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the U.S. securities laws as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and such statements are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provided by the same. Forward-looking statements include our views on the risk positioning of our portfolio, domestic and global market conditions (including the residential and commercial real estate market), the ongoing spread and the economic and operational impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the market for our target assets, our financial performance, including our earnings available for distribution, economic return, comprehensive income and changes in our book value, our intention and ability to pay dividends, our ability to continue performance trends, the stability of portfolio yields, interest rates, credit spreads, prepayment trends, financing sources, cost of funds, our leverage and equity allocation. In addition, words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “projects,” “forecasts,” and future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “may,” “could,” “should,” and “would” as well as any other statement that necessarily depends on future events, are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees, and they involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. There can be no assurance that actual results will not differ materially from our expectations. We caution investors not to rely unduly on any forward-looking statements and urge you to carefully consider the risks identified under the captions “Risk Factors,” “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, which are available on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov.

All written or oral forward-looking statements that we make, or that are attributable to us, are expressly qualified by this cautionary notice. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update the information in any public disclosure if any forward-looking statement later turns out to be inaccurate.

Investor Relations Contact: Jack Bateman, 404-439-3323

 

INVESCO MORTGAGE CAPITAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands, except share amounts

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

December 31,

2020

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Interest income

Mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities

42,331

42,657

35,329

167,056

277,400

Commercial and other loans

525

525

529

2,146

2,766

Total interest income

42,856

43,182

35,858

169,202

280,166

Interest expense

Repurchase agreements (1)

(3,181)

(3,272)

(2,452)

(11,290)

73,607

Secured loans

8,655

Total interest expense

(3,181)

(3,272)

(2,452)

(11,290)

82,262

Net interest income

46,037

46,454

38,310

180,492

197,904

Other income (loss)

Gain (loss) on investments, net

(90,442)

(16,830)

34,805

(366,509)

(961,938)

(Increase) decrease in provision for credit losses

(1,768)

1,768

(1,768)

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated ventures

289

344

343

870

1,163

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

(13,348)

35,282

57,186

122,611

(851,050)

Realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net

(35,312)

Net gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

(2)

14,742

Other investment income (loss), net

1

201

1

2,137

Total other income (loss)

(103,501)

18,797

90,765

(241,259)

(1,832,026)

Expenses

Management fee – related party

5,309

5,432

4,510

21,080

29,367

General and administrative

1,874

2,139

1,852

8,153

10,863

Total expenses

7,183

7,571

6,362

29,233

40,230

Net income (loss) attributable to Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.

(64,647)

57,680

122,713

(90,000)

(1,674,352)

Dividends to preferred stockholders

8,394

8,394

11,106

37,795

44,426

Issuance and redemption costs of redeemed preferred stock

4,682

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

(73,041)

49,286

111,607

(132,477)

(1,718,778)

Earnings (loss) per share:

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

Basic

(0.23)

0.17

0.59

(0.48)

(9.89)

Diluted

(0.23)

0.17

0.59

(0.48)

(9.89)

(1)

Periods with negative interest expense on repurchase agreements are due to amortization of net deferred gains on de-designated interest rate swaps that exceeds current period interest expense on repurchase agreements. For further information on amortization of amounts classified in accumulated other comprehensive income before the Company discontinued hedge accounting, see Note 8 and Note 12 of the Company’s consolidated financial statements filed in Part IV, Item 15 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

INVESCO MORTGAGE CAPITAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

December 31,

2020

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Net income (loss)

(64,647)

57,680

122,713

(90,000)

(1,674,352)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

Unrealized gain (loss) on mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities, net

(907)

(473)

(6,352)

756

(223,416)

Reclassification of unrealized (gain) loss on sale of mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities to gain (loss) on investments, net

(3,184)

13,940

Reclassification of unrealized loss on available-for-sale securities to (increase) decrease in provision for credit losses

1,768

1,768

Reclassification of amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps to repurchase agreements interest expense

(5,602)

(5,601)

(5,981)

(22,000)

(23,794)

Currency translation adjustments on investment in unconsolidated venture

(239)

187

655

(75)

1,144

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

(6,748)

(5,887)

(13,094)

(21,319)

(230,358)

Comprehensive income (loss)

(71,395)

51,793

109,619

(111,319)

(1,904,710)

Less: Dividends to preferred stockholders

(8,394)

(8,394)

(11,106)

(37,795)

(44,426)

Less: Issuance and redemption costs of redeemed preferred stock

(4,682)

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

(79,789)

43,399

98,513

(153,796)

(1,949,136)

 

INVESCO MORTGAGE CAPITAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of

December 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

$ in thousands, except share amounts

ASSETS

Mortgage-backed securities, at fair value (including pledged securities of $7,326,175 and $7,614,935, respectively; net of allowance for credit losses of $1,768 as of December 31, 2020)

7,804,259

8,172,182

Cash and cash equivalents

357,134

148,011

Restricted cash

219,918

244,573

Due from counterparties

7,985

1,078

Investment related receivable

16,766

15,840

Derivative assets, at fair value

270

10,004

Other assets

37,509

41,163

Total assets

8,443,841

8,632,851

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Liabilities:

Repurchase agreements

6,987,834

7,228,699

Derivative liabilities, at fair value

14,356

6,344

Dividends payable

29,689

18,970

Investment related payable

274

Accrued interest payable

1,171

823

Collateral held payable

280

3,546

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

1,887

1,448

Due to affiliate

6,489

5,589

Total liabilities

7,041,706

7,265,693

Commitments and contingencies (See Note 14) (1)

Stockholders’ equity:

Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share; 50,000,000 shares authorized:

7.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock: no shares and 5,600,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively ($140,000 aggregate liquidation preference as of December 31, 2020)

135,356

7.75% Fixed-to-Floating Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock: 6,200,000 shares issued and outstanding ($155,000 aggregate liquidation preference)

149,860

149,860

7.50% Fixed-to-Floating Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock: 11,500,000 shares issued and outstanding ($287,500 aggregate liquidation preference)

278,108

278,108

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share; 450,000,000 shares authorized; 329,874,780 and 203,222,108 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

3,299

2,032

Additional paid in capital

3,816,406

3,387,552

Accumulated other comprehensive income

37,286

58,605

Retained earnings (distributions in excess of earnings)

(2,882,824)

(2,644,355)

Total stockholders’ equity

1,402,135

1,367,158

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

8,443,841

8,632,851

(1)

See Note 14 of the Company’s consolidated financial statements filed in Part IV, Item 15 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The table below shows the non-GAAP financial measures the Company uses to analyze its operating results and the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measures. The Company believes these non-GAAP measures are useful to investors in assessing its performance as discussed further below.

Non-GAAP Financial Measure

Most Directly Comparable U.S. GAAP Measure

Earnings available for distribution (and by calculation, earnings available for distribution per common share)

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (and by calculation, basic earnings (loss) per common share)

Effective interest income (and by calculation, effective yield)

Total interest income (and by calculation, earning asset yields)

Effective interest expense (and by calculation, effective cost of funds)

Total interest expense (and by calculation, cost of funds)

Effective net interest income (and by calculation, effective interest rate margin)

Net interest income (and by calculation, net interest rate margin)

Economic debt-to-equity ratio

Debt-to-equity ratio

The Company is not presenting earnings available for distribution for the year ended December 31, 2020 because earnings available for distribution excluded the material adverse impact of the market disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s financial condition. In addition, earnings available for distribution for the year ended December 31, 2020 was not indicative of the reduced earnings potential of the Company’s current investment portfolio.

The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company’s management should be analyzed in conjunction with U.S. GAAP financial measures and should not be considered substitutes for U.S. GAAP financial measures. In addition, the non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures of its peer companies.

Earnings Available for Distribution

The Company’s business objective is to provide attractive risk-adjusted returns to its stockholders, primarily through dividends and secondarily through capital appreciation. The Company uses earnings available for distribution as a measure of its investment portfolio’s ability to generate income for distribution to common stockholders and to evaluate its progress toward meeting this objective. The Company calculates earnings available for distribution as U.S. GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders adjusted for (gain) loss on investments, net; realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net; unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net; TBA dollar roll income; (gain) loss on foreign currency transactions, net; amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps; and net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt.

By excluding the gains and losses discussed above, the Company believes the presentation of earnings available for distribution provides a consistent measure of operating performance that investors can use to evaluate its results over multiple reporting periods and, to a certain extent, compare to its peer companies. However, because not all of the Company’s peer companies use identical operating performance measures, the Company’s presentation of earnings available for distribution may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures used by its peer companies. The Company excludes the impact of gains and losses when calculating earnings available for distribution because (i) when analyzed in conjunction with its U.S. GAAP results, earnings available for distribution provides additional detail of its investment portfolio’s earnings capacity and (ii) gains and losses are not accounted for consistently under U.S. GAAP. Under U.S. GAAP, certain gains and losses are reflected in net income whereas other gains and losses are reflected in other comprehensive income. For example, a portion of the Company’s mortgage-backed securities are classified as available-for-sale securities, and changes in the valuation of these securities are recorded in other comprehensive income on its consolidated balance sheets. The Company elected the fair value option for its mortgage-backed securities purchased on or after September 1, 2016, and changes in the valuation of these securities are recorded in other income (loss) in consolidated statements of operations. In addition, certain gains and losses represent one-time events. The Company may add and has added additional reconciling items to its earnings available for distribution calculation as appropriate. 

To maintain qualification as a REIT, U.S. federal income tax law generally requires that the Company distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income annually, determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains. The Company has historically distributed at least 100% of its REIT taxable income. Because the Company views earnings available for distribution as a consistent measure of its investment portfolio’s ability to generate income for distribution to common stockholders, earnings available for distribution is one metric, but not the exclusive metric, that the Company’s board of directors uses to determine the amount, if any, and the payment date of dividends on common stock. However, earnings available for distribution should not be considered as an indication of the Company’s taxable income, a guaranty of its ability to pay dividends or as a proxy for the amount of dividends it may pay, as earnings available for distribution excludes certain items that impact its cash needs.

Earnings available for distribution is an incomplete measure of the Company’s financial performance and there are other factors that impact the achievement of the Company’s business objective. The Company cautions that earnings available for distribution should not be considered as an alternative to net income (determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP), or as an indication of the Company’s cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP), a measure of the Company’s liquidity, or as an indication of amounts available to fund its cash needs.

The table below provides a reconciliation of U.S. GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders to earnings available for distribution for the following periods:

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

$ in thousands, except per share data

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

(73,041)

49,286

111,607

(132,477)

Adjustments:

(Gain) loss on investments, net

90,442

16,830

(34,805)

366,509

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net (1)

8,239

(38,093)

(64,859)

(156,157)

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net (1)

2,602

(1,364)

4,351

17,743

TBA dollar roll income (2)

10,517

9,316

8,367

40,058

(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions, net (3)

(1)

(65)

(1)

Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps (4)

(5,602)

(5,601)

(5,981)

(22,000)

Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt

2

Subtotal

106,198

(18,913)

(92,990)

246,152

Earnings available for distribution

33,157

30,373

18,617

113,675

Basic income (loss) per common share

(0.23)

0.17

0.59

(0.48)

Earnings available for distribution per common share (5)

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.41

(1)

U.S. GAAP gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net on the consolidated statements of operations includes the following components:

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

$ in thousands

Realized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

(8,239)

38,093

64,859

156,157

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

(2,602)

1,364

(4,351)

(17,743)

Contractual net interest income (expense) on interest rate swaps

(2,507)

(4,175)

(3,322)

(15,803)

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

(13,348)

35,282

57,186

122,611

(2)

A TBA dollar roll is a series of derivative transactions where TBAs with the same specified issuer, term and coupon but different settlement dates are simultaneously bought and sold. The TBA settling in the later month typically prices at a discount to the TBA settling in the earlier month. TBA dollar roll income represents the price differential between the TBA price for current month settlement versus the TBA price for forward month settlement. The Company includes TBA dollar roll income in earnings available for distribution because it is the economic equivalent of interest income on the underlying Agency securities, less an implied financing cost, over the forward settlement period. TBA dollar roll income is a component of gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.

(3)

Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions, net is included in other investment income (loss) net on the consolidated statements of operations.

(4)

U.S. GAAP repurchase agreements interest expense on the consolidated statements of operations includes the following components:

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

$ in thousands

Interest expense on repurchase agreement borrowings

2,421

2,329

3,529

10,710

Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps

(5,602)

(5,601)

(5,981)

(22,000)

Repurchase agreements interest expense

(3,181)

(3,272)

(2,452)

(11,290)

(5)

Earnings available for distribution per common share is equal to earnings available for distribution divided by the basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding.

The table below presents the components of earnings available for distribution:

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

$ in thousands

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

Effective net interest income (1)

37,928

36,678

29,007

142,689

TBA dollar roll income

10,517

9,316

8,367

40,058

Dividend income

136

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated ventures

289

344

343

870

(Increase) decrease in provision for credit losses

(1,768)

1,768

Total expenses

(7,183)

(7,571)

(6,362)

(29,233)

Subtotal

41,551

38,767

29,723

156,152

Dividends to preferred stockholders

(8,394)

(8,394)

(11,106)

(37,795)

Issuance and redemption costs of redeemed preferred stock

(4,682)

Earnings available for distribution

33,157

30,373

18,617

113,675

(1)

See below for a reconciliation of net interest income to effective net interest income, a non-GAAP measure.

Effective Interest Income/Effective Yield/Effective Interest Expense/Effective Cost of Funds/Effective Net Interest Income/Effective Interest Rate Margin

Prior to 2021, the Company calculated effective interest income (and by calculation, effective yield) as U.S. GAAP total interest income adjusted for GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest that was recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net. The Company included its GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest in effective interest income because GSE CRT coupon interest was not accounted for consistently under U.S. GAAP. The Company accounted for GSE CRTs purchased prior to August 24, 2015 as hybrid financial instruments, but elected the fair value option for GSE CRTs purchased on or after August 24, 2015. Under U.S. GAAP, coupon interest on GSE CRTs accounted for using the fair value option was recorded as interest income, whereas coupon interest on GSE CRTs accounted for as hybrid financial instruments was recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss). The Company added back GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest to its total interest income because the Company considered GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest a current component of its total interest income irrespective of whether the Company elected the fair value option for the GSE CRT or accounted for the GSE CRT as a hybrid financial instrument. Effective interest income and effective yield were equal to total interest income and yield, respectively, for all periods presented in 2021 and for the three months ended December 31, 2020 because the Company sold all of its GSE CRTs that were accounted for as hybrid financial instruments prior to the fourth quarter of 2020.

The Company calculates effective interest expense (and by calculation, effective cost of funds) as U.S. GAAP total interest expense adjusted for contractual net interest income (expense) on its interest rate swaps that is recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net and the amortization of net deferred gains (losses) on de-designated interest rate swaps that is recorded as repurchase agreements interest expense. The Company views its interest rate swaps as an economic hedge against increases in future market interest rates on its floating rate borrowings. The Company adds back the net payments it makes on its interest rate swap agreements to its total U.S. GAAP interest expense because the Company uses interest rate swaps to add stability to interest expense. The Company excludes the amortization of net deferred gains (losses) on de-designated interest rate swaps from its calculation of effective interest expense because the Company does not consider the amortization a current component of its borrowing costs.

The Company calculates effective net interest income (and by calculation, effective interest rate margin) as U.S. GAAP net interest income adjusted for contractual net interest income (expense) on its interest rate swaps that is recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net; amortization of net deferred gains (losses) on de-designated interest rate swaps that is recorded as repurchase agreements interest expense and GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest that was recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net.

The Company believes the presentation of effective interest income, effective yield, effective interest expense, effective cost of funds, effective net interest income and effective interest rate margin measures, when considered together with U.S. GAAP financial measures, provides information that is useful to investors in understanding the Company’s borrowing costs and operating performance.

The following table reconciles total interest income to effective interest income and yield to effective yield for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020. The Company is not presenting reconciliations for the three months ended December 31, 2021, September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 because effective interest income and effective yield were equal to total interest income and yield for these periods.

Years Ended December 31,

2021

2020

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective

Yield

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective

Yield

Total interest income

169,202

1.92%

280,166

3.55%

Add: GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net

—%

6,323

0.08%

Effective interest income

169,202

1.92%

286,489

3.63%

The following tables reconcile total interest expense to effective interest expense and cost of funds to effective cost of funds for the following periods:

Three Months Ended

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds

/ Effective

Cost of Funds

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds

/ Effective

Cost of Funds

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds

/ Effective

Cost of Funds

Total interest expense

(3,181)

(0.17)%

(3,272)

(0.17)%

(2,452)

(0.14)%

Add: Amortization of net deferred gain (loss) on de-designated interest rate swaps

5,602

0.30%

5,601

0.29%

5,981

0.35%

Add: Contractual net interest expense (income) on interest rate swaps recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

2,507

0.13%

4,175

0.21%

3,322

0.19%

Effective interest expense

4,928

0.26%

6,504

0.33%

6,851

0.40%

 

Years Ended December 31,

2021

2020

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds

/ Effective

Cost of Funds

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds

/ Effective

Cost of Funds

Total interest expense

(11,290)

(0.14)%

82,262

1.19%

Add: Amortization of net deferred gain (loss) on de-designated interest rate swaps

22,000

0.28%

23,794

0.34%

Add (Less): Contractual net interest expense (income) on interest rate swaps recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

15,803

0.20%

(8,047)

(0.12)%

Effective interest expense

26,513

0.34%

98,009

1.41%

The following tables reconcile net interest income to effective net interest income and net interest rate margin to effective interest rate margin for the following periods:

Three Months Ended

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Net Interest

Rate Margin /

Effective

Interest Rate

Margin

Reconciliation

Net Interest

Rate Margin /

Effective

Interest Rate

Margin

Reconciliation

Net Interest

Rate Margin /

Effective

Interest Rate

Margin

Net interest income

46,037

2.22%

46,454

2.15%

38,310

2.00%

Less: Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps

(5,602)

(0.30)%

(5,601)

(0.29)%

(5,981)

(0.35)%

Less: Contractual net interest income (expense) on interest rate swaps recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

(2,507)

(0.13)%

(4,175)

(0.21)%

(3,322)

(0.19)%

Effective net interest income

37,928

1.79%

36,678

1.65%

29,007

1.46%

 

Years Ended December 31,

2021

2020

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Net Interest

Rate Margin /

Effective

Interest Rate

Margin

Reconciliation

Net Interest

Rate Margin /

Effective

Interest Rate

Margin

Net interest income

180,492

2.06%

197,904

2.36%

Less: Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps

(22,000)

(0.28)%

(23,794)

(0.34)%

Add: GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net

—%

6,323

0.08%

Add (Less): Contractual net interest income (expense) on interest rate swaps recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

(15,803)

(0.20)%

8,047

0.12%

Effective net interest income

142,689

1.58%

188,480

2.22%

Economic Debt-to-Equity Ratio

The following tables show the allocation of the Company’s stockholders’ equity to its target assets, the Company’s debt-to-equity ratio, and the Company’s economic debt-to-equity ratio as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021. The Company’s debt-to-equity ratio is calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and is the ratio of total debt to total stockholders’ equity.

The Company presents an economic debt-to-equity ratio, a non-GAAP financial measure of leverage that considers the impact of the off-balance sheet financing of its investments in TBAs that are accounted for as derivative instruments under U.S. GAAP. The Company includes its TBAs at implied cost basis in its measure of leverage because a forward contract to acquire Agency RMBS in the TBA market carries similar risks to Agency RMBS purchased in the cash market and funded with on-balance sheet liabilities. Similarly, a contract for the forward sale of Agency RMBS has substantially the same effect as selling the underlying Agency RMBS and reducing the Company’s on-balance sheet funding commitments. The Company believes that presenting its economic debt-to-equity ratio, when considered together with its U.S. GAAP financial measure of debt-to-equity ratio, provides information that is useful to investors in understanding how management evaluates at-risk leverage and gives investors a comparable statistic to those other mortgage REITs who also invest in TBAs and present a similar non-GAAP measure of leverage.

December 31, 2021

$ in thousands

Agency RMBS

Credit Portfolio (1)

Total

Mortgage-backed securities

7,732,281

71,978

7,804,259

Cash and cash equivalents (2)

357,134

357,134

Restricted cash (3)

219,918

219,918

Derivative assets, at fair value (3)

270

270

Other assets

25,728

36,532

62,260

Total assets

8,335,061

108,780

8,443,841

Repurchase agreements

6,987,834

6,987,834

Derivative liabilities, at fair value (3)

14,356

14,356

Other liabilities

35,596

3,920

39,516

Total liabilities

7,037,786

3,920

7,041,706

Total stockholders’ equity (allocated)

1,297,275

104,860

1,402,135

Debt-to-equity ratio (4)

5.4

5.0

Economic debt-to-equity ratio (5)

6.6

6.2

(1)

Investments in non-Agency CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, a commercial loan and unconsolidated joint ventures are included in credit portfolio.

(2)

Cash and cash equivalents is allocated based on the financing strategy for each asset class.

(3)

Restricted cash and derivative assets and liabilities are allocated based on the hedging strategy for each asset class.

(4)

Debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of total repurchase agreements to total stockholders’ equity.

(5)

Economic debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of repurchase agreements and TBAs at implied cost basis ($1.6 billion as of December 31, 2021) to total stockholders’ equity.

September 30, 2021

$ in thousands

Agency RMBS

Credit Portfolio (1)

Total

Mortgage-backed securities

8,755,012

72,990

8,828,002

Cash and cash equivalents (2)

189,528

189,528

Restricted cash (3)

296,721

296,721

Derivative assets, at fair value (3)

190

190

Other assets

29,551

35,256

64,807

Total assets

9,270,812

108,436

9,379,248

Repurchase agreements

7,873,798

7,873,798

Derivative liabilities, at fair value (3)

11,631

40

11,671

Other liabilities

34,406

3,002

37,408

Total liabilities

7,919,835

3,042

7,922,877

Total stockholders’ equity (allocated)

1,350,977

105,394

1,456,371

Debt-to-equity ratio (4)

5.8

5.4

Economic debt-to-equity ratio (5)

7.0

6.5

(1)

Investments in non-Agency CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, a commercial loan and unconsolidated joint ventures are included in credit portfolio.

(2)

Cash and cash equivalents is allocated based on the financing strategy for each asset class.

(3)

Restricted cash and derivative assets and liabilities are allocated based on the hedging strategy for each asset class.

(4)

Debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of total repurchase agreements to total stockholders’ equity.

(5)

Economic debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of total repurchase agreements and TBAs at implied cost basis ($1.6 billion as of September 30, 2021) to total stockholders’ equity.

Average Balances

The table below presents information related to the Company’s average earning assets, average earning assets yields, average borrowings and average cost of funds for the following periods:

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31,

2021

September 30,

2021

December 31,

2020

December 31,

2021

December 31,

2020

Average earning assets (1)

8,371,280

8,713,515

7,697,029

8,808,105

7,895,394

Average earning asset yields (2)

2.05%

1.98%

1.86%

1.92%

3.55%

Average borrowings (3)

7,441,461

7,846,240

6,879,929

7,892,617

6,926,790

Average cost of funds (4)

(0.17)%

(0.17)%

(0.14)%

(0.14)%

1.19%

(1)

Average balances for each period are based on weighted month-end balances.

(2)

Average earning asset yields for each period are calculated by dividing interest income, including amortization of premiums and discounts, by average earning assets based on the amortized cost of the investments. All yields are annualized.

(3)

Average borrowings for each period are based on weighted month-end balances.

(4)

Average cost of funds is calculated by dividing annualized interest expense, including amortization of net deferred gain (loss) on de-designated interest rate swaps, by average borrowings.

 

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SOURCE Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.



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