Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this report to the
“Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” are to
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited
condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in this
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including discussion and analysis of our financial condition, anticipated capital expenditures required to complete projects, amounts of anticipated cash distributions to our shareholders in the future and other matters. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts but are the intent, belief or current expectations of our management based on its knowledge and understanding of our business and industry. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the use of terms such as "may," "will," "should," "potential," "predicts," "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates" or the negative of such terms and variations of these words and similar expressions, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, are difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements that were true at the time made may ultimately prove to be incorrect or false. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect our management's view only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results.
Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from any
forward-looking statements made in this Report include:
•uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the unknown duration and economic, operational and financial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken or contemplated by
U.S.and local governmental authorities or others in response to the pandemic on our business, employees and tenants, including, among others, (a) changes in tenant demand for our properties; (b) financial challenges confronting tenants, including as a result of decreased customers' willingness to visit our tenants' businesses, and potential renewed mandated shelter in place orders that may prevent customers from visiting some of our tenants' businesses and the impact of these issues on our ability to collect rent from our tenants; (c) limited ability to access the capital markets and other sources of financing on attractive terms or at all, and (d) prolonged measures to contain the spread of COVID-19;
•legislative or regulatory changes, including the impact of the legislation
commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
•adverse economic or real estate developments or conditions in
Texas, including as a result of a surge in COVID-19 cases in such areas and the impact on our tenants' ability to pay their rent, which could result in bad debt allowances or straight-line rent reserve adjustments;
•increases in interest rates and operating costs;
•availability and terms of capital and financing, both to fund our operations
and to refinance our indebtedness as it matures, in each case, on terms
favorable to the Company;
•decreases in rental rates or increases in vacancy rates;
•lease-up risks, including leasing risks arising from exclusivity and consent
provisions in leases with significant tenants;
•the impact of public health crises and pandemics, such as the COVID-19
•cybersecurity attacks, loss of confidential information and other business
•our inability to renew tenants or obtain new tenants upon the expiration of
existing leases; and
•our inability to generate sufficient cash flows due to market conditions,
competition, uninsured losses, changes in tax or other applicable laws.
In addition, an investment in the Company involves numerous risks that potential
investors should consider carefully, including, without limitation:
•our cash resources are limited; •we have a history of losses; •we have not raised funds through a public equity offering; •our trustees control a significant percentage of our voting shares; •shareholders could experience possible future dilution through the issuance of additional shares; •we are dependent on a small number of key senior professionals who are part-time employees; and •we currently do not plan to distribute dividends to the holders of our shares.
The Company is a
Marylandreal estate investment trust ("REIT") engaged in investing in, owning and operating commercial properties. Future real estate opportunities may include (i) acquisition and development of retail, office, office warehouse, industrial, multifamily, hotel and other commercial properties, (ii) acquisition of or merger with a REIT or real estate operating company, (iii) sales of existing properties, and (iv) joint venture investments. Substantially all of our business is conducted through our operating partnership Pillarstone OP. We are the sole general partner of Pillarstone OP. As of March 31, 2022, we owned approximately 18.6% of the outstanding equity in Pillarstone OP and we fully consolidate it on our condensed consolidated financial statements. As of March 31, 2022, the Company is a smaller reporting company current in its quarterly and annual financial statement filings with the SEC, that may make future real estate investments. There can be no assurance that we will be able to close additional transactions. Even if our management is successful in closing additional transactions, investors may not value the transactions or the Company in the same manner as we do, and investors may not value the transactions as they would value other transactions or alternatives. Failure to obtain additional sources of capital will materially and adversely affect the Company's ability to continue operations, as well as its liquidity and financial results. Brief History Pillarstone was formed on March 15, 1994as a Maryland REIT. The Company operated as a traditional REIT by buying, selling, owning and operating commercial and residential properties through December 31, 1999. In 2000, the Company purchased a software technology company, resulting in the Company not meeting the qualifications to be a REIT under the Code. In 2002, the Company discontinued the operations of the technology segment, and from 2003 through 2006, pursued a value-added business plan primarily focused on acquiring well located, under-performing multifamily residential properties, including affordable housing communities, and repositioning them through renovation, leasing, improved management and branding. From 2006 until December 2016, the Company continued its existence as a corporate shell current in its SECfilings. On December 8, 2016, Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP entered into the Contribution Agreement with Whitestone OP, a subsidiary and the operating partnership of Whitestone, both of which are related parties to Pillarstone and Pillarstone OP, pursuant to which Whitestone OP contributed to Pillarstone OP all of the equity interests in four of its wholly-owned subsidiaries: Whitestone CP Woodland Ph. 2, LLC, a Delawarelimited liability company ("CP Woodland"); Whitestone Industrial-Office, LLC, a Texaslimited liability company ("Industrial-Office"); Whitestone Offices, LLC, a Texaslimited liability company ("Whitestone Offices"); and Whitestone Uptown Tower, LLC, a Delawarelimited liability company ("Uptown Tower") that owned 14 real estate assets (the "Real Estate Assets") for aggregate consideration of approximately $84 million, consisting of (1) approximately $18.1 millionof Class A units representing limited partnership interests in Pillarstone OP issued at a price of $1.331per OP Unit; and (2) the assumption of approximately $65.9 millionof liabilities by Pillarstone OP (collectively, the "Acquisition"). 18 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Impact of COVID-19
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has in the past and may continue to materially and adversely impact and disrupt our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Any future outbreak of any COVID-19 variants or any other highly infectious or contagious disease could have a similar impact. The impact of COVID-19, including any resurgences, future pandemics or other health crises may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and market value. These type of health crises may impact our business in the following ways: •closures of, or other operational issues at, our properties resulting from government or tenant action; •reduced economic activity impacting our tenants' ability to meet their rental and other obligations to us in full or at all; •the ability of our tenants who have been granted rent deferrals to timely pay deferred rent; •an inability to renew leases or lease vacant space on favorable terms or at all; •tenant bankruptcies; •liquidity issues resulting from reduced cash flows from operations; •negative impacts to the credit and/or capital markets making it difficult to access capital on favorable terms or at all; •impairment in value of our properties; •a general decline in business activity and demand for real estate transactions adversely affecting our portfolio of properties and our ability to service our indebtedness; •supply chain disruptions adversely affecting our tenants' operations; and •impacts on the health of our personnel and a disruption in the continuity of our business. Because substantially all of our income is derived from rentals of commercial real property, our business, income, cash flow, results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects and ability to service our debt obligation would be adversely affected if a significant number of tenants are unable to meet their obligations or their revenues decline. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic, or a future pandemic, impacts our operations and those of our tenants will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence. Results of Operations
The following is a discussion of our results of operations for the three month
•Explanation of changes in the results of operations in the Condensed
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three month periods ended
•Our critical accounting policies and estimates that require our subjective judgment and are important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations.
•Our primary sources and uses of cash for the three month periods ended
•Our current income tax status.
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the
condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing
elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.
Comparison of the Three Month Periods Ended
For the three month period ended
March 31, 2022, we executed 17 leases for a total lease value of $955,000compared to 23 leases for a total lease value of $1.4 millionfor the three month period ended March 31, 2021. 19 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Results of Operations
The following provides a general comparison of our results of operations for the
three month periods ended
Three Months Ended
2022 2021 Number of properties 8 8 Aggregate GLA (sq. ft.) 926,798 926,798 Ending occupancy rate 56 % 59 % Total revenues
$ 2,326 $ 2,190Total operating expenses 1,910 1,970 Total other expenses 197 203 Provision for income tax expense (benefit) 7 (7) Net income 212 24 Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiary 229 109 Net loss available to Common Shareholders $ (17) $ (85)Revenues from Operations We had total revenues for the three month periods ended March 31, 2022and 2021 of approximately $2,326,000and $2,190,000, respectively, for an increase of approximately $136,000, or 6%. The difference was comprised of a decrease of approximately $24,000in rental revenues, an increase of $129,000in expense reimbursements, an increase of $6,000in other revenue, and a decrease of $25,000in bad debt, which is classified as a part of revenue. The majority of the overall increase was due to higher reimbursements from common area maintenance and unbilled recoveries from the prior year.
Expenses from Operations
Our operating expenses were approximately
$1,910,000for the three months ended March 31, 2022compared to approximately $1,970,000for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a decrease of approximately $60,000, or 3%. The overall decrease was primarily due to a decrease in real estate taxes, offset by increases in miscellaneous repairs, contract services, and electricity usage at our properties for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The primary components of operating expenses are detailed in the table below (in thousands): Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 2021 Change % Change Depreciation and amortization $ 484 $ 497 $ (13)(3) % Operating and maintenance 771 718 53 7 % Real estate taxes 328 409 (81) (20) % General and administrative 187 207 (20) (10) % Management fees 140 139 1 1 % Total operating expenses $ 1,910 $ 1,970 $ (60)(3) %
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Real Estate Assets to meet our liquidity needs.
During the three months ended
activities of approximately
During the first quarter of 2022,
Pillarstone Capital REIT("Pillarstone REIT") determined that it should be reimbursed for its operating and administrative expenses from Pillarstone OP on a historical and ongoing basis in accordance with the Pillarstone OP operating partnership agreement in which Pillarstone REIT is the general partner and Whitestone OP is the limited partner. Whitestone and Whitestone OP contested the reimbursement of expenses of approximately $1.8 millionfor the years ended 2017 through 2021 and Pillarstone REIT intends to pursue the reimbursement from Pillarstone OP. The funds are in bank accounts controlled by affiliates of Whitestone and Whitestone OP pursuant to Pillarstone OP management agreements with those Whitestone affiliates. For financial reporting purposes, Pillarstone REIT and Pillarstone OP report on a consolidated basis, therefore, the reimbursement of Pillarstone REIT's expenses would not change net income but only the allocations between controlling and noncontrolling interests. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, Pillarstone OP reimbursed Pillarstone REIT in May 2022approximately $117,000for a portion of operating and administrative expenses and Pillarstone REIT will pursue reimbursement from Pillarstone OP for the remaining amount of approximately $59,000that Whitestone and Whitestone OP have contested. When Pillarstone REIT made its determination for reimbursement of its operating and administrative expenses from Pillarstone OP for the years ended 2017 through 2021, Whitestone and Whitestone OP determined Whitestone OP should be reimbursed for construction and lease commissions of approximately $1.4 millionthat it paid on behalf of Pillarstone OP for 2017 and 2018. Pillarstone REIT and Pillarstone OP requested additional information from Whitestone and Whitestone OP for these expenditures. If any reimbursement is made to Whitestone OP, then Pillarstone OP would have less cash available for operations and distributions to its partners and Pillarstone OP's investment account with Whitestone OP would be reduced.
Our ability to access the capital markets will be dependent on a number of
factors, including general market conditions and market perceptions about our
Future Obligations None.
Long Term Liquidity and Operating Strategies
Historically, we have financed our long term capital needs, including
acquisitions, as follows:
•borrowings from new loans; •additional equity issuances of our common and preferred shares and operating partnership units; and •proceeds from the sales of our Real Estate Assets. From 2006 until
December 2016, the Company continued its existence as a corporate shell filing its periodic reports with the SECso that it could be used for future real estate transactions or sold to another company. During this time, the Company was funded by its trustees who contributed $500,000in exchange for 125,000 Preferred C Shares and $197,780in exchange for convertible notes payable. Subsequent to the Acquisition, Pillarstone has been developing strategies for the Real Estate Assets in order to create value for the enterprise and our shareholders and selling assets to pay off some of its debt. To implement the strategy to create value with the Real Estate Assets, additional capital will need to be raised. Current Tax Status As of March 31, 2022and December 31, 2021, we had net deferred tax liabilities of approximately $31,000and $36,000, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, we have an operating loss carryforward of approximately $94,000available to be carried to future periods.
The income tax expense (benefit) included in the condensed consolidated
statements of operations for the three months ended
comprised of the following components (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 2021 Federal $ (5) $ (18) Texas franchise tax 12 11 Provision for income tax expense (benefit) $ 7 $ (7) Interest Rates The Company was not significantly affected by interest rates during the periods presented in this report due primarily to the Company having approximately 100% of its debt with fixed rates as of
March 31, 2022. Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.
Application of Critical Accounting Estimates
Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which require us to make certain estimates and assumptions. The following section is a summary of certain estimates that both require our most subjective judgment and are most important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations. It is possible that the use of different estimates or assumptions in making these judgments could result in materially different amounts being reported in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Revenue recognition. All leases on our properties are classified as noncancelable operating leases, and the related rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the related leases. For the three months ended
March 31, 2022and 2021 we did not have a straight-line rent reserve adjustment. Differences between rental income earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements are capitalized or charged, as applicable, to accrued rents and accounts receivable. Recoveries from tenants for taxes, insurance, and other operating expenses are recognized as revenues in the period the corresponding costs are incurred. We combine lease and nonlease components in lease contracts, which includes combining base rent and recoveries into a single line item, Rental, within the condensed consolidated statements of operations. We recognize lease termination fees in the year that the lease is terminated and collection of the fee is reasonably assured. Acquired Propertiesand Acquired Lease Intangibles. We allocate the purchase price of the acquired properties to land, building and improvements, identifiable intangible assets and to the acquired liabilities based on their respective fair values at the time of purchase. Identifiable intangibles include amounts allocated to acquired out-of-market leases, the value of in-place leases and customer relationship value, if any. We determine fair value based on estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount and capitalization rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known trends and specific market and economic conditions that may affect the property. Factors considered by management in our analysis of determining the as-if-vacant property value include an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods considering market conditions, and costs to execute similar leases. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, tenant demand and other economic conditions. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, tenant improvements, legal and other related expenses. Intangibles related to out-of-market leases and in-place lease value are recorded as acquired lease intangibles and are amortized as an adjustment to rental revenue or amortization expense, as appropriate, over the remaining terms of the underlying leases. Premiums or discounts on acquired out-of-market debt are amortized to interest expense over the remaining term of such debt. Depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of 5 to 39 years for improvements and buildings. Tenant improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over the life of the improvement or remaining term of the lease, whichever is shorter.
Impairment. We review our properties for impairment at least annually or
whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of
the assets, including accrued rental income, may not be recoverable through
operations. We determine whether an impairment in value has occurred by
comparing the estimated future cash flows
(undiscounted and without interest charges), including the estimated residual value of the property, with the carrying cost of the property. If impairment is indicated, a loss will be recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the property exceeds its fair value. Management has determined that there has been no impairment in the carrying value of our real estate assets as of
March 31, 2022.
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