WashREIT Announces Second Quarter 2022 Results

WASHINGTON, July 28, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Washington Real Estate Investment Trust (“WashREIT” or the “Company”) (NYSE: WRE), a multifamily REIT with properties in the Washington metro area and the Southeast, reported financial and operating results today for the quarter ended June 30, 2022:

Financial Results

  • Net loss was $8.9 million, or $0.10 per diluted share
  • NAREIT FFO was $15.2 million, or $0.17 per diluted share
  • Core FFO was $18.2 million, or $0.21 per diluted share
  • Net Operating Income (NOI) was $32.8 million

Operational Highlights

  • Same-store multifamily NOI increased by 5.1% compared to the prior year period and continues to build for the second half of 2022
  • Effective new Lease Rate Growth was 11.7%, effective renewal Lease Rate Growth was 10.9%, and effective blended Lease Rate Growth was 11.2% during the quarter for our same-store portfolio
  • Effective new Lease Rate Growth was 17.7%, effective renewal Lease Rate Growth was 16.3%, and effective blended Lease Rate Growth was 16.9% during the quarter for our Atlanta portfolio
  • Effective new Lease Rate Growth continued to increase post quarter end; for July move ins, we have achieved blended effective Lease Rate Growth of 17.0% for our Atlanta portfolio and 11.3% for our same-store portfolio
  • Same-store retention increased to 63% compared to 57% in the second quarter of 2021
  • Same-store multifamily Average Occupancy increased 70 basis points from the second quarter of 2021 to 95.8%

Transformation Update

  • Completed the acquisitions of Alder Park in Smyrna, GA and Marietta Crossing in Marietta, GA for $178 million in aggregate on May 5, 2022, including the assumption of two mortgage notes totaling $76.6 million in the aggregate, each securing one of the properties. We have now deployed the net proceeds from our 2021 commercial portfolio sales in line with our strategy and targeted price range.

Liquidity Position

  • Available liquidity was approximately $745 million as of June 30, 2022, consisting of the entire capacity under the Company’s $700 million revolving credit facility and cash on hand
  • The Company has no scheduled debt maturities until July 2023

“We have completed the deployment of the net proceeds from our commercial asset sales and have entered the third quarter with a low double digit loss-to-lease and a very strong earn-in that should deliver outsized growth through 2023,” said Paul T. McDermott, President and CEO. “While the capital markets have been disrupted in connection with the Federal Reserve’s response to rising inflation and other macro events, our operating fundamentals remain robust, and we are working on opportunities to continue to grow profitably. We have been, and will continue to be, selective with the assets we acquire, and disciplined with our underwriting. Maintaining this discipline, along with focusing on growth starting with firm initial yield targets, has proven to be prudent as the economic environment shifts. Looking forward, we are positioned for strong same store NOI growth for the rest of 2022 and 2023 and we are confident in our ability to continue our expansion and geographic diversification.”

Second Quarter Operating Results

  • Same-store Multifamily NOI – Same-store NOI increased 5.1% compared to the corresponding prior year period driven primarily by higher base rent and lower concessions. Average occupancy for the quarter increased 70 basis points from the prior year period to 95.8%.
  • Same-store Other NOI – Our Other same-store portfolio is comprised of one asset, Watergate 600. Same-store NOI increased by 9.6% compared to the corresponding prior year period due to higher rental and parking income. Watergate 600 was 92.1% occupied and 92.1% leased at quarter end.

“We are slightly lowering and tightening our guidance range by two cents at the midpoint due to a delay in timing of further acquisitions and increased interest costs, including lower capitalized interest and higher interest rates. Neither of these adjustments have changed our outlook for 2023,” said Stephen E. Riffee, Executive Vice President and CFO. “Operating trends remain strong and we are raising our same-store multifamily guidance range. Looking forward, we expect growth to accelerate in the second half of the year. The third quarter will be the first quarter of performance that, for the entirety of the quarter, includes the full allocation of the net proceeds from exiting our commercial businesses and the first quarter where substantially all of our multifamily leases have had at least one post-pandemic inflection lease rate increase. We expect same-store multifamily NOI growth in the double digits, on average, for at least the next five quarters and for our Southeast communities to deliver year-over-year growth for the months owned in both 2022 and 2023 that is much higher than our same-store growth.”

2022 Guidance

Core FFO for 2022 is expected to range from $0.86 to $0.90 per fully diluted share. The following assumptions are included in the Core FFO guidance for 2022:

Full Year Outlook on Key Assumptions and Metrics

  • Same-store multifamily NOI growth is expected to range between 8.5% to 9.5% which represents a 25 basis point increase at the midpoint compared to our prior guidance
  • Same-store multifamily and Trove NOI, which was fully delivered and invested by the start of 2021, is now expected to grow between 12.25% and 13.25%
  • Non-same-store multifamily NOI is expected to range from $22.0 million to $23.0 million in 2022, which represents a $0.5 million decrease at the midpoint resulting primarily from slightly higher operating and bad debt expenses and lower capitalized costs for development
  • We have raised the midpoint of our guidance for Other same-store NOI, which consists solely of Watergate 600, which is now expected to range from $13.25 million to $13.75 million
  • Approximately $125 million of additional multifamily acquisitions are expected to be completed in the Southeast during the fourth quarter of 2022, which is higher than the prior targeted acquisition level but later than previously assumed
  • Core AFFO payout ratio is expected to be in the mid-70% range
  Full Year 2022
Core FFO per diluted share $0.86 – $0.90
Net Operating Income  
Same-store multifamily NOI growth 8.5% – 9.5%
Same-store multifamily and Trove NOI growth 12.25% – 13.25%
Non-same-store multifamily NOI (a) $22.0 million – $23.0 million
Non-residential NOI (b) ~$0.75 million
Other same-store NOI (c) $13.25 million – $13.75 million
Transactions  
Acquisitions (d) $125 million
Expenses  
Property management expense $7.5 million – $8.0 million
G&A, net of core adjustments $25.5 million – $26.5 million
Interest expense $25.5 million – $26.25 million
Capitalized interest (e) ~$0.3 million
Transformation costs $10.5 million – $11.5 million

(a) Includes Trove, The Oxford, Assembly Eagles Landing, Carlyle of Sandy Springs, Alder Park, Marietta Crossing, and Riverside Development
(b) Includes revenues and expenses from retail operations at multifamily properties
(c) Other same-store NOI consists of Watergate 600
(d) Anticipated completion in the fourth quarter of 2022. Amount is in addition to acquisitions completed year-to-date. The delay of these future acquisitions, net of carrying costs, has the effect of lowering our prior guidance by approximately one cent per share.
(e) Capitalized interest was $0.3 million year-to-date and is expected to be the same amount for the full year 2022 due to the suspension of development activities at Riverside. The effect of higher interest rates and no longer capitalizing interest reduced our 2022 Core FFO guidance range by approximately one cent per share.

WashREIT’s Core FFO guidance and outlook are based on a number of factors, many of which are outside the Company’s control and all of which are subject to change. WashREIT may change the guidance provided during the year as actual and anticipated results vary from these assumptions, but WashREIT undertakes no obligation to do so.

2022 Guidance Reconciliation Table

A reconciliation of projected net loss per diluted share to projected Core FFO per diluted share for the full year ending December 31, 2022 is as follows:

  Low High
Net loss per diluted share                                      $(0.34) $(0.31)
Real estate depreciation and amortization 1.06 1.06
NAREIT FFO per diluted share 0.72 0.75
Core adjustments 0.14 0.15
Core FFO per diluted share                                                                            $0.86 $0.90
     

Dividends

On July 6, 2022, WashREIT paid a quarterly dividend of $0.17 per share.

WashREIT announced today that its Board of Trustees has declared a quarterly dividend of $0.17 per share to be paid on October 5, 2022 to shareholders of record on September 21, 2022.

Conference Call Information

The Second Quarter 2022 Earnings Call is scheduled for Friday, July 29, 2022 at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time. Conference Call access information is as follows:

USA Toll Free Number: 1-888-506-0062
International Toll Number: 1-973-528-0011
Conference ID: 545666
   

The instant replay of the Earnings Call will be available until Friday, August 12, 2022. Instant replay access information is as follows:

USA Toll Free Number: 1-877-481-4010
International Toll Number: 1-919-882-2331
Conference ID: 45843
   

The live on-demand webcast of the Conference Call will be available on the Investor section of WashREIT’s website at www.washreit.com. Online playback of the webcast will be available following the Conference Call.

About WashREIT

WashREIT owns approximately 8,900 residential apartment homes in the Washington, DC metro and Southeast regions. WashREIT also owns and operates approximately 300,000 square feet of commercial space in the Washington, DC metro region. We are focused on providing quality housing to under-served, middle-income renters in submarkets poised for strong, sustained demand. With a proven track record in residential repositioning, we are utilizing the experience and research from the Washington, DC metro region to continue to grow as we geographically diversify into Southeastern markets. We are targeting the deepest demand segments in submarkets with the greatest probability of rent growth outperformance, and tailoring our specific investment strategy to best create value.

Note: WashREIT’s press releases and supplemental financial information are available on the Company website at www.washreit.com or by contacting Investor Relations at (202) 774-3200.

Forward Looking Statements
Certain statements in our earnings release and on our conference call are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. In some cases, you can identify forward looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” or “potential” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases which are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and which do not relate solely to historical matters. Such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements of WashREIT to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Additional factors which may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements of WashREIT to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: risks associated with our ability to execute on our strategies, including new strategies with respect to our operations and our portfolio, including the acquisition of residential properties in the Southeastern markets, on the terms anticipated, or at all, and to realize any anticipated benefits, including the performance of any acquired residential properties at the levels anticipated; whether actual NOI for Trove and our recently acquired properties, as well as from properties we expect to acquire during the second six months of 2022, will be consistent with our expected NOI for such properties; the risks associated with ownership of real estate in general and our real estate assets in particular; the economic health of the areas in which our properties are located, particularly with respect to greater Washington, DC metro region and the larger Southeastern region; the risk of failure to enter into and/or complete contemplated acquisitions and dispositions, at all, within the price ranges anticipated and on the terms and timing anticipated; changes in the composition of our portfolio; fluctuations in interest rates and other risks related to changes in interest rates; reductions in or actual or threatened changes to the timing of federal government spending; the risks related to use of third-party providers; the economic health of our residents; the ultimate duration of the COVID-19 global pandemic, including any mutations thereof, the actions taken to contain the pandemic or mitigate its impact, the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, the effectiveness and willingness of people to take COVID-19 vaccines, and the duration of associated immunity and efficacy of the vaccines against emerging variants of COVID-19; the impact from macroeconomic factors (including inflation, increases in interest rates, potential economic slowdown or a recession and geopolitical conflicts); compliance with applicable laws and corporate social responsibility goals, including those concerning the environment and access by persons with disabilities; the risks related to not having adequate insurance to cover potential losses; changes in the market value of securities; terrorist attacks or actions and/or cyber-attacks; whether we will succeed in the day-to-day property management and leasing activities that we have previously outsourced; the availability and terms of financing and capital and the general volatility of securities markets; the risks related to our organizational structure and limitations of stock ownership; failure to qualify and maintain our qualification as a REIT and the risks of changes in laws affecting REITs; whether our estimated transformation costs for 2022 will be correct; whether we will realize significant operation benefits from our operating model redesign on the timing contemplated or at all; and other risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in our filings with the SEC, including our 2021 Form 10-K filed on February 18, 2022. While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, they are not guarantees of future performance. We undertake no obligation to update our forward-looking statements or risk factors to reflect new information, future events, or otherwise.

This Earnings Release also includes certain forward-looking non-GAAP information. Due to the high variability and difficulty in making accurate forecasts and projections of some of the information excluded from these estimates, together with some of the excluded information not being ascertainable or accessible, the Company is unable to quantify certain amounts that would be required to be included in the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures without unreasonable efforts.

WASHINGTON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
OPERATING RESULTS   2022       2021       2022       2021  
Revenue              
Real estate rental revenue $ 51,380     $ 41,297     $ 99,184     $ 81,904  
Expenses              
Property operating and maintenance   11,747       9,359       22,312       18,754  
Real estate taxes and insurance   6,837       5,385       13,424       10,981  
Property management   1,796       1,486       3,546       2,949  
General and administrative   7,656       6,325       14,595       11,929  
Transformation costs   2,023       3,780       4,246       3,780  
Depreciation and amortization   24,039       17,303       46,239       34,290  
    54,098       43,638       104,362       82,683  
Real estate operating loss   (2,718 )     (2,341 )     (5,178 )     (779 )
Other income (expense)              
Interest expense   (6,156 )     (10,158 )     (11,806 )     (20,281 )
Loss on interest rate derivatives         (5,760 )           (5,760 )
Other income         1,522       386       2,806  
    (6,156 )     (14,396 )     (11,420 )     (23,235 )
Loss from continuing operations   (8,874 )     (16,737 )     (16,598 )     (24,014 )
Discontinued operations:              
Income from operations of properties sold or held for sale         9,745             15,875  
Income from discontinued operations         9,745             15,875  
Net loss $ (8,874 )   $ (6,992 )   $ (16,598 )   $ (8,139 )
               
Loss from continuing operations $ (8,874 )   $ (16,737 )   $ (16,598 )   $ (24,014 )
Depreciation and amortization   24,039       17,303       46,239       34,290  
Funds from continuing operations   15,165       566       29,641       10,276  
               
Income from discontinued operations         9,745             15,875  
Discontinued operations real estate depreciation and amortization         10,248             22,904  
Funds from discontinued operations         19,993             38,779  
               
NAREIT funds from operations $ 15,165     $ 20,559     $ 29,641     $ 49,055  
               
Tenant improvements and incentives, net of reimbursements   (476 )     (1,112 )     (1,025 )     (573 )
Leasing commissions capitalized         (1,868 )           (2,406 )
Recurring capital improvements   (1,384 )     (1,156 )     (2,622 )     (2,023 )
Straight-line rents, net   (135 )     (625 )     (325 )     (1,173 )
Non-cash fair value interest expense   105             105        
Non-real estate depreciation & amortization of debt costs   1,151       1,350       2,359       2,694  
Amortization of lease intangibles, net   (209 )     195       (381 )     572  
Amortization and expensing of restricted share and unit compensation   2,159       2,163       4,240       3,827  
Adjusted funds from operations $ 16,376     $ 19,506     $ 31,992     $ 49,973  
    Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
Per share data:     2022       2021       2022       2021  
Loss from continuing operations (Basic) $ (0.10 )   $ (0.20 )   $ (0.19 )   $ (0.29 )
  (Diluted) $ (0.10 )   $ (0.20 )   $ (0.19 )   $ (0.29 )
Net loss (Basic) $ (0.10 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.19 )   $ (0.10 )
  (Diluted) $ (0.10 )   $ (0.08 )   $ (0.19 )   $ (0.10 )
NAREIT FFO (Basic) $ 0.17     $ 0.24     $ 0.34     $ 0.58  
  (Diluted) $ 0.17     $ 0.24     $ 0.34     $ 0.58  
                 
Dividends paid   $ 0.17     $ 0.30     $ 0.34     $ 0.60  
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding – basic     87,392       84,461       87,303       84,437  
Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted     87,392       84,461       87,303       84,437  
Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted (for NAREIT FFO)   87,521       84,519       87,388       84,507  
WASHINGTON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
       
  June 30, 2022   December 31, 2021
Assets      
Land $ 373,171     $ 322,623  
Income producing property   1,875,307       1,642,147  
    2,248,478       1,964,770  
Accumulated depreciation and amortization   (441,105 )     (402,560 )
Net income producing property   1,807,373       1,562,210  
Properties under development or held for future development   31,220       30,631  
Total real estate held for investment, net   1,838,593       1,592,841  
Cash and cash equivalents   44,787       233,600  
Restricted cash   1,984       620  
Rents and other receivables   16,644       15,067  
Prepaid expenses and other assets   32,865       33,866  
Total assets $ 1,934,873     $ 1,875,994  
       
Liabilities      
Notes payable, net $ 497,135     $ 496,946  
Mortgage notes payable, net   71,576        
Accounts payable and other liabilities   39,890       40,585  
Dividend payable   14,916       14,650  
Advance rents   1,821       2,082  
Tenant security deposits   5,439       4,669  
Total liabilities   630,777       558,932  
       
Equity      
Shareholders’ equity      
Preferred shares; $0.01 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding          
Shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value; 150,000 and 100,000 shares authorized; 87,392 and 86,261 shares issued and outstanding, as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively   874       863  
Additional paid in capital   1,727,031       1,697,477  
Distributions in excess of net income   (408,882 )     (362,494 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (15,229 )     (19,091 )
Total shareholders’ equity   1,303,794       1,316,755  
       
Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries   302       307  
Total equity   1,304,096       1,317,062  
       
Total liabilities and equity $ 1,934,873     $ 1,875,994  
The following tables contain reconciliations of net loss to NOI for the periods presented (in thousands):
               
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
    2022       2021       2022       2020  
Net loss $ (8,874 )   $ (6,992 )   $ (16,598 )   $ (8,139 )
Adjustments:              
Property management expense   1,796       1,486       3,546       2,949  
General and administrative expense   7,656       6,325       14,595       11,929  
Transformation costs   2,023       3,780       4,246       3,780  
Real estate depreciation and amortization   24,039       17,303       46,239       34,290  
Interest expense   6,156       10,158       11,806       20,281  
Loss on interest rate derivatives         5,760             5,760  
Other income         (1,522 )     (386 )     (2,806 )
Discontinued operations:              
Income from operations of properties sold or held for sale         (9,745 )           (15,875 )
               
Total Net Operating Income (NOI) $ 32,796     $ 26,553     $ 63,448     $ 52,169  
               
Multifamily NOI:              
Same-store portfolio $ 23,939     $ 22,771     $ 47,534     $ 44,647  
Acquisitions   3,594             5,676        
Development   1,566       477       3,152       732  
Non-residential   235       146       405       356  
Total   29,334       23,394       56,767       45,735  
               
Other NOI (Watergate 600)   3,462       3,159       6,681       6,434  
Total NOI $ 32,796     $ 26,553     $ 63,448     $ 52,169  
               
The following table contains a reconciliation of net loss to core funds from operations for the periods presented (in thousands, except per share data):  
    Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,  
      2022       2021       2022       2021    
Net loss   $ (8,874 )   $ (6,992 )   $ (16,598 )   $ (8,139 )  
Add:                  
Real estate depreciation and amortization     24,039       17,303       46,239       34,290    
Discontinued operations:                  
Real estate depreciation and amortization           10,248             22,904    
NAREIT funds from operations     15,165       20,559       29,641       49,055    
Add:                  
Structuring expenses     980             980          
Loss on interest rate derivatives           5,760             5,760    
Severance expense                 474       173    
Transformation costs     2,023       3,780       4,246       3,780    
Core funds from operations   $ 18,168     $ 30,099     $ 35,341     $ 58,768    
                   
    Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,  
Per share data:     2022       2021       2022       2021    
NAREIT FFO (Basic) $ 0.17     $ 0.24     $ 0.34     $ 0.58    
  (Diluted) $ 0.17     $ 0.24     $ 0.34     $ 0.58    
Core FFO (Basic) $ 0.21     $ 0.35     $ 0.40     $ 0.69    
  (Diluted) $ 0.21     $ 0.35     $ 0.40     $ 0.69    
                   
Weighted average shares outstanding – basic     87,392       84,461       87,303       84,437    
Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted
(for NAREIT and Core FFO)
    87,521       84,519       87,388       84,507    
Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA is earnings before interest expense, taxes, depreciation, amortization, gain/loss on sale of real estate, casualty gain/loss, real estate impairment, gain/loss on extinguishment of debt, gain/loss on interest rate derivatives, severance expense, acquisition expenses and gain from non-disposal activities and transformation costs. Adjusted EBITDA is included herein because we believe it helps investors and lenders understand our ability to incur and service debt and to make capital expenditures. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP and non-standardized measure and may be calculated differently by other REITs.

Adjusted Funds From Operations (“AFFO”) is a non-GAAP measure. It is calculated by subtracting from FFO (1) recurring expenditures, tenant improvements and leasing costs, that are capitalized and amortized and are necessary to maintain our properties and revenue stream (excluding items contemplated prior to acquisition or associated with development / redevelopment of a property) and (2) straight line rents, then adding (3) non-real estate depreciation and amortization, (4) non-cash fair value interest expense and (5) amortization of restricted share compensation, then adding or subtracting the (6) amortization of lease intangibles, (7) real estate impairment and (8) non-cash gain/loss on extinguishment of debt, as appropriate. AFFO is included herein, because we consider it to be a performance measure of a REIT’s ability to incur and service debt and to distribute dividends to its shareholders. AFFO is a non-GAAP and non-standardized measure, and may be calculated differently by other REITs.

Core Adjusted Funds From Operations (“Core AFFO”) is calculated by adjusting AFFO for the following items (which we believe are not indicative of the performance of Washington REIT’s operating portfolio and affect the comparative measurement of Washington REIT’s operating performance over time): (1) gains or losses on extinguishment of debt and gains or losses on interest rate derivatives, (2) costs related to the acquisition of properties, (3) non-share-based executive transition costs, severance expenses and other expenses related to corporate restructuring and executive retirements or resignations, (4) property impairments, casualty gains and losses, and gains or losses on sale not already excluded from FAD, as appropriate, (5) relocation expense and (6) transformation costs. These items can vary greatly from period to period, depending upon the volume of our acquisition activity and debt retirements, among other factors. We believe that by excluding these items, Core AFFO serves as a useful, supplementary performance measure of Washington REIT’s ability to incur and service debt, and distribute dividends to its shareholders. Core AFFO is a non-GAAP and non-standardized measure, and may be calculated differently by other REITs.

Core Funds From Operations (“Core FFO”) is calculated by adjusting NAREIT FFO for the following items (which we believe are not indicative of the performance of Washington REIT’s operating portfolio and affect the comparative measurement of Washington REIT’s operating performance over time): (1) gains or losses on extinguishment of debt and gains or losses on interest rate derivatives, (2) expenses related to acquisition and structuring activities, (3) executive transition costs, severance expenses and other expenses related to corporate restructuring and executive retirements or resignations, (4) property impairments, casualty gains and losses, and gains or losses on sale not already excluded from NAREIT FFO, as appropriate, (5) relocation expense and (6) transformation costs. These items can vary greatly from period to period, depending upon the volume of our acquisition activity and debt retirements, among other factors. We believe that by excluding these items, Core FFO serves as a useful, supplementary measure of Washington REIT’s ability to incur and service debt, and distribute dividends to its shareholders. Core FFO is a non-GAAP and non-standardized measure, and may be calculated differently by other REITs.

NAREIT Funds From Operations (“FFO”) is defined by 2018 National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc. (“NAREIT”) FFO White Paper Restatement, as net income (computed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”)) excluding gains (or losses) associated with sales of properties, impairments of depreciable real estate and real estate depreciation and amortization. We consider NAREIT FFO to be a standard supplemental measure for equity real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) because it facilitates an understanding of the operating performance of our properties without giving effect to real estate depreciation and amortization, which historically assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values have instead historically risen or fallen with market conditions, we believe that NAREIT FFO more accurately provides investors an indication of our ability to incur and service debt, make capital expenditures and fund other needs. Our FFO may not be comparable to FFO reported by other real estate investment trusts. These other REITs may not define the term in accordance with the current NAREIT definition or may interpret the current NAREIT definition differently. NAREIT FFO is a non-GAAP measure.

Net Operating Income (“NOI”), defined as real estate rental revenue less direct real estate operating expenses, is a non-GAAP measure. NOI is calculated as net income, less non-real estate revenue and the results of discontinued operations (including the gain or loss on sale, if any), plus interest expense, depreciation and amortization, lease origination expenses, general and administrative expenses, acquisition costs, real estate impairment, casualty gain and losses and gain or loss on extinguishment of debt. NOI does not include management expenses, which consist of corporate property management costs and property management fees paid to third parties. They are the primary performance measures we use to assess the results of our operations at the property level. We also present NOI on a cash basis (“Cash NOI”) which is calculated as NOI less the impact of straight-lining apartment rent concessions. We believe that each of NOI and Cash NOI is a useful performance measure because, when compared across periods, they reflect the impact on operations of trends in occupancy rates, rental rates and operating costs on an unleveraged basis, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income. NOI and Cash NOI exclude certain components from net income in order to provide results more closely related to a property’s results of operations. For example, interest expense is not necessarily linked to the operating performance of a real estate asset. In addition, depreciation and amortization, because of historical cost accounting and useful life estimates, may distort operating performance at the property level. As a result of the foregoing, we provide each NOI and Cash NOI as a supplement to net income, calculated in accordance with GAAP. NOI and Cash NOI do not represent net income or income from continuing operations calculated in accordance with GAAP. As such, neither should be considered an alternative to these measures as an indication of our operating performance.

Average Effective Monthly Rent Per Home represents the average of effective rent (net of concessions) for in-place leases and the market rent for vacant homes.

Average Occupancy is based on average daily occupied apartment homes as a percentage of total apartment homes.

Current Strategy represents the class of each community in our portfolio based on a set of criteria. Our strategies consist of the following subcategories: Class A, Class A-, Class B Value-Add and Class B. A community’s class is dependent on a variety of factors, including its vintage, site location, amenities and services, rent growth drivers and rent relative to the market.

  • Class A communities are recently-developed, well-located, have competitive amenities and services and command average rental rates well above market median rents.
  • Class A- communities have been developed within the past 20 years and feature operational improvements and unit upgrades and command rents at or above median market rents.
  • Class B Value-Add communities are over 20 years old but feature operational improvements and strong potential for unit renovations. These communities command average rental rates below median market rents for units that have not been renovated.
  • Class B communities are over 20 years old, feature operational improvements and command average rental rates below median market rents.

Debt Service Coverage Ratio is computed by dividing earnings attributable to the controlling interest before interest expense, taxes, depreciation, amortization, real estate impairment, gain on sale of real estate, gain/loss on extinguishment of debt, severance expense, relocation expense, acquisition and structuring expenses and gain/loss from non-disposal activities by interest expense (including interest expense from discontinued operations) and principal amortization.

Debt to Total Market Capitalization is total debt divided by the sum of total debt plus the market value of shares outstanding at the end of the period.

Earnings to Fixed Charges Ratio is computed by dividing earnings attributable to the controlling interest by fixed charges. For this purpose, earnings consist of income from continuing operations (or net income if there are no discontinued operations) plus fixed charges, less capitalized interest. Fixed charges consist of interest expense (excluding interest expense from discontinued operations), including amortized costs of debt issuance, plus interest costs capitalized.

Ending Occupancy is calculated as occupied homes as a percentage of total homes as of the last day of that period.

Lease Rate Growth is defined as the average percentage change in either gross (excluding the impact of concessions) or effective rent (net of concessions) for a new or renewed multifamily lease compared to the prior lease based on the move-in date. The blended rate represents the weighted average of new and renewal lease rate growth achieved.

Recurring Capital Expenditures represent non-accretive building improvements required to maintain current revenues. Recurring capital expenditures do not include acquisition capital that was taken into consideration when underwriting the purchase of a building or which are incurred to bring a building up to “operating standard”.

Retention represents the percentage of multifamily leases renewed that were set to expire in the period presented.

Same-store Portfolio Properties include properties that were owned for the entirety of the years being compared, and exclude properties under redevelopment or development and properties acquired, sold or classified as held for sale during the years being compared. We categorize our properties as “same-store” or “non-same-store” for purposes of evaluating comparative operating performance. We define development properties as those for which we have planned or ongoing major construction activities on existing or acquired land pursuant to an authorized development plan. Development properties are categorized as same-store when they have reached stabilized occupancy (90%) before the start of the prior year. We define redevelopment properties as those for which have planned or ongoing significant development and construction activities on existing or acquired buildings pursuant to an authorized plan, which has an impact on current operating results, occupancy and the ability to lease space with the intended result of a higher economic return on the property. We categorize a redevelopment property as same-store when redevelopment activities have been complete for the majority of each year being compared. We currently have two same-store portfolios: “Same-store multifamily” which is comprised of our same-store apartment communities and “Other same-store” which is comprised of our Watergate 600 commercial property.

Transformation Costs include costs related to the strategic shift away from the commercial sector to the residential sector, including the allocation of internal costs, consulting, advisory and termination benefits.

CONTACT:
Amy Hopkins
Vice President, Investor Relations
E-Mail: ahopkins@washreit.com

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